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The Basic Guideline of AMA in Text Citation For Assignments

Getting your AMA in Text Citation right is important when dealing with medical and scientific assignments. Because they are paramount to acknowledging the contributions of other researchers and maintaining academic integrity. Speaking of which, do you need help knowing the right way of using AMA in Text citation? Don’t worry; we have covered you with this interesting blog post. Just ensure to read this exciting article until the end to learn doing it like the expert yet cheap assignment writing service providers. So, without further ado, let’s get started. 

Important Things You Should Know About AMA in Text Citation for Medical & Scientific Assignments 

Here’s your opportunity to learn the basics of AMA in text citation for your medical assignments. 

General Structure and Formatting Guidelines

The general structure of an AMA in-text citation includes the author’s last name, the publication year, and a specific page or range of pages (if applicable). Here is an example of the basic format:

Author’s Last Name + Publication Year

Example: (Smith 2018)

Author’s Last Name + Page Number

Example: (Johnson 56)

Author’s Last Name + Publication Year + Page Number

Example: (Miller 2009: 34)

Rules for Citing Different Types of Sources for AMA in Text Citation

  • Journal Articles

As per the journal of the American Medical Association (AMA) Include the author’s last name and publication year for a single author.

Example: (Jones 2016)

For multiple authors, include the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” and the publication year.

Example: (Smith et al. 2020)

For articles with page numbers, include the page number(s) after the publication year.

Example: (Brown 2015: 25-30)

  • Books

Include the author’s last name and publication year for a single author.

Example: (Johnson 2019)

For multiple authors, Include the last names of all authors separated by commas, followed by the publication year.

Example: (Smith, Anderson, and Davis 2017)

For books with page numbers: Include the page number(s) after the publication year.

Example: (Miller 2012: 125-130)

  • Online Resources

When citing online sources, follow the same principles as journal articles or books, but include the URL or DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if available.

Example: (Johnson 2018) or (Smith et al. 2022) [doi:10.1234/abcd1234]

Incorporating Author Names, Dates, and Page Numbers Within the Text

Author Names

If the author’s name is mentioned in the text, include only the publication year in parentheses.

Example: According to Jones (2017), the study concluded that.

Dates:

Include the publication year within parentheses after the author’s name.

Example: (Smith 2015)

Page Numbers:

If a direct quote is used, include the page number(s) after the author’s name and publication year.

Example: (Miller 2014: 45)

The page number is not required if the information is paraphrased or summarized.

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Examples of AMA in Text Citation

Let’s understand the AMA in-text citations for different scenarios. 

  1. The Single Author Works:

When citing a single author’s work in AMA style, you generally include the author’s last name and the Year of Publication within parentheses. Here is an example:

According to Smith (2018), the study found that the new treatment was effective.

If the author’s name is already mentioned in the sentence, you only need to include the Year in parentheses:

In a study conducted by Johnson (2020), it was found that.

  1. Multiple Authors and et al. Usage:

When citing a work with two authors, include both authors’ last names separated by an ampersand (&) in parentheses:

Previous research (Smith & Johnson, 2019) has shown.

If the work has more than two authors, you can use “et al.” after the first author’s last name to indicate that there are additional authors:

Several studies have shown positive results (Brown et al., 2022).

  1. Direct Quotations and Paraphrases

Direct quotations in AMA style should include the author’s last name, the Year of Publication, and the page number(s) where the quote can be found. Enclose the citation in parentheses and place the quote in quotation marks:

“This new treatment option significantly improves patient outcomes” (Smith, 2017, p. 42).

Paraphrasing involves restating someone else’s ideas or information in your own words. When paraphrasing, you still need to provide an in-text citation with the author’s last name and Year:

According to Johnson (2019), the results of the study indicated.

  1. Secondary Sources

In the AMA style, it is preferred to cite primary sources directly. However, if you need to cite a source that you have not read directly but was cited in another (secondary) source, you can indicate this in the in-text citation. Use the phrase “as cited in” before providing the secondary source information:

Several studies have shown this effect (as cited in Smith, 2016).

In the reference list, you would provide the full citation for the secondary source (Smith, 2016) but indicate in the citation itself that it was cited in another work.

Challenging and Exceptions 

AMA (American Medical Association) style provides guidelines for citing various sources. However, challenges and exceptions may arise when citing sources with multiple authors, corporate authors, or no authors or when dealing with different publication types. Here are the most common challenges:

  1. Citing Sources with Multiple Authors:

When citing a source with multiple authors in AMA style, you generally include all the authors’ last names in the order they appear on the source. Commas separate the names, and the last author’s name is preceded by an ampersand (&) instead of “and.” Here is an example:

Previous studies (Smith, Johnson, & Brown, 2021) have shown.

If the source has more than three authors, you can list the first three authors’ names, followed by “et al.”:

Several researchers (Garcia et al., 2020) have suggested.

  1. Citing Sources with Corporate Authors:

When the author of a source is a corporate entity, such as an organization or government agency, you should use the organization’s full name as the author in the in-text citation. If the organization’s name is lengthy, you can use an abbreviation if it is well-known:

According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2019),

If the organization is commonly known by its acronym, you can use the acronym in the citation:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2022) recommends.

  1. Citing Sources with No Authors

In some cases, you may come across sources with no identifiable author. In such situations, use a shortened version of the source title instead of the author’s name. Enclose the title in double quotation marks and provide the Year of Publication. Here is an example:

A recent study (“Effects of Exercise on Mental Health,” 2018) found.

If the source title is too long or cumbersome, use a shortened version or an abbreviation of the title.

  1. Handling Various Publication Types:

AMA style provides specific guidelines for citing different types of publications, including editorials, conference proceedings, and more. When citing these publication types, following the appropriate format and providing the necessary information is important. Here are a few examples:

Citing an Editorial:

Include the author(s) of the editorial, the editorial’s title in quotation marks, the abbreviation “Editorial,” the journal’s name in italics, the Year of Publication, volume number, and issue number in parentheses, and the page range. Example:

Smith J, Johnson R. “The Importance of Vaccination.” Editorial. JAMA. 2020;325(14):1420-1422.

Citing conference proceedings

Include the author(s) of the paper, the title of the paper in quotation marks, the abbreviation “In:” followed by the editors’ names (if applicable), the name of the conference in italics, the Year of the conference, the location of the conference, the city, and the publisher. Example:

Johnson A, Brown L. “Advancements in Cancer Research.” In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Cancer Research; 2022 May 10-12; New York, NY. Springer; 2022.

These are just a few examples of addressing challenges and exceptions in AMA in-text citations. It is essential to consult the official AMA Manual of Style or your specific institution’s guidelines for comprehensive information on citing specific publication types and handling other exceptional situations.

Addressing Challenges and Exceptions in AMA in Text Citation

AMA (American Medical Association) style provides guidelines for citing various sources, but certain challenges and exceptions may arise, including:

Citing Sources with Multiple Authors

When citing a source with multiple authors in AMA style, you generally include all the authors’ last names in the order they appear on the source. Commas separate the names, and the last author’s name is preceded by an ampersand (&) instead of “and.” Here is an example:

Example 1

Previous studies have shown that exercise improves cardiovascular health (Smith, Johnson, & Brown, 2021).

Example 2

Several researchers have suggested a potential link between diet and cancer (Garcia, Johnson, Brown, et al., 2020).

In Example 1, the work has three authors, so all three names are listed. 

In Example 2, the work has more than three authors, so the names of the first three authors are listed, followed by “et al.” to indicate that there are additional authors.

Citing Sources with Corporate Authors

When the author of a source is a corporate entity, such as an organization or government agency, you should use the organization’s full name as the author in the in-text citation. If the organization’s name is lengthy, use an abbreviation if it is well-known. Here is an example:

Example 1:

According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2019), the prevalence of diabetes is increasing globally.

Example 2:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2022) recommends regular handwashing as a preventive measure.

In Example 1, the organization’s full name is provided, followed by the Year of Publication. 

In Example 2, the organization’s acronym is used in the citation.

Citing Sources with No Authors

In some cases, you may come across sources with no identifiable author. In such situations, use a shortened version of the source title instead of the author’s name. Enclose the title in double quotation marks and provide the Year of Publication. Here is an example:

Example 1

A recent study (“Effects of Exercise on Mental Health,” 2018) found a positive correlation between physical activity and improved mental well-being.

Example 2

(“Global Health Statistics,” 2020) show a significant decrease in infant mortality rates over the past decade.

Example 1 uses the study’s title instead of the author’s name. 

In Example 2, the title “Global Health Statistics” is provided in quotation marks.

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Handling Various Publication Types

AMA style provides specific guidelines for citing different types of publications, including editorials, conference proceedings, and more. When citing these publication types, following the appropriate format and providing the necessary information is important. Here are a few examples:

Citing An Editorial

Include the author(s) of the editorial, the title of the editorial in quotation marks, the abbreviation “Editorial,” the journal’s name in italics, the Year of Publication, volume number, issue number in parentheses, and the page range. Here’s an example:

Example:

Smith J, Johnson R. “The Importance of Vaccination.” Editorial. JAMA. 2020;325(14):1420-1422.

The authors’ names are listed in this example, followed by the editorial’s title in quotation marks. The journal name is provided in italics, followed by the Year of Publication, volume number, and issue number in parentheses,

Conclusion 

Adhering to the guidelines of AMA in-text citation is crucial for ensuring accuracy, credibility, and academic integrity in medical and scientific assignments. Students and researchers contribute to the ongoing advancement of knowledge in their respective fields by properly acknowledging and referencing the sources used. We hope that this blog post was helpful in letting you know about the standardized framework of AMA in-text citation. If you still need help formatting your document or writing your assignment, feel free to count on our cheap assignment writers.

Frequently Asked Questions
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