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How to Critique an Article? Practical Step-by-Step Guide

If you are a research student, practitioner, or professional researcher then you have surely come across a situation when you have had to critique an article.

Critiquing any journal article, research or review paper is not merely like a walk in the park; instead, it demands extra consideration, time, and effort.

However, if you know the expert’s proven tips, tricks, and formulas, it becomes just like a piece of cake for you and makes article evaluation and analysis the most enjoyable task.

In this expert guide, we will learn the practical strategies to review or do a critical analysis of any article journal, research paper, or literature review most effectively.

Apart from this, we will also take an example to see how and from where we should start assessing any article to accurately highlight its strengths and weaknesses.

In addition to this, to help you make the most of your time, we also bring you the professional yet proven structure, sample, and format of the article critique. So without much ado, let’s just delve deep into it.

What Does It Mean to Article Critique? Ultimate Definition

Critiquing any article, research paper, or thesis means holistically examining and evaluating the entire research work to enhance its quality. It involves careful and in-depth inspection as well as an understanding of every aspect of the study to highlight strengths and weaknesses.

The primary purpose of critiquing any article is to provide constructive feedback without influencing it with personal biases or attacks.

When critiquing any research or review paper, you assess its motivation, rationales, research questions, hypothesis, methodology, etc. In addition to this, you also scrutinize the result interpretation, key contribution as well as evidence to resolve a particular research problem.

Apart from these core research parts, the consistency, content structure, and assessment of the connectivity between ideas also hold significant importance.

Bonus Tip:Article Critique is an objective evaluation therefore always avoid adding offensive or personal derogatory remarks.

11 Secret Reasons Why You Should Critique an Article?

The purpose of critiquing any article is to:

  • Highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the entire research work.
  • Evaluate and inspect the overall quality, accuracy, and effectiveness of the study.
  • Emphasize the inconsistencies in the writing style, tone, and structure of the article.
  • Assess key research questions, central ideas, and arguments.
  • Analyze the efficiency of the proposed methodology and research approaches.
  • Review and suggest the enhancements in result interpretations and presentations.
  • Critically studying the key contributions and research findings.
  • Evaluating and underscoring any conflicts in the supported evidence and the arguments.
  •  Providing expert opinions and valuable feedback to improve clarity and conciseness.
  • Gauging understandability for the intended audience and suggesting areas for further advances.
  • To evaluate the credibility as well as the integrity of the cited resources.

Why is it Important to Learn How to Critique an Article?

Learning article critiquing is critical for several reasons such as:

  • It enhances your critical thinking and analytical skills.
  • Learning to critique an article is the most important to gauge the credibility and authenticity of the literature. Since not all publications are sound and reliable.
  • Reading texts in sequences with careful thoughts and considerations furthers your domain understanding.
  • Learning critical analysis and evaluation assists you in engaging in scholarly discussion and development of the knowledge.
  • It helps you to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of your research work effortlessly.
  • Critically inspecting complex literature and arguments boosts your confidence in your discerning ability.
  • Helps you to disagree with particular research questions and arguments in a logical and well-informedly.
  • An in-depth evaluation of the research work helps you bring a most improved or enhanced version of others as well as your own thesis or research study.
  • This skill assists you in providing your feedback and viewpoints most respectfully and persuasively.

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How to Critique an Article? Step-By-Step Tips and Guide

9 Expert Tips to Critique an Article

  1. Read the entire research article at least 3 times to develop a strong understanding.
  2. Write down central ideas and main arguments.
  3. Identify research motivation, key research questions, and intended audience.
  4. Critically evaluate how the proposed methodology and research approach align with the research goals and objectives.
  5. Inspect the relevancy of data and literature.
  6. Assess the credibility of citations and references.
  7. Carefully examine the generated results and discussions to resolve the particular research problem. Do they address the intended audience and research question?
  8. Analyze the authenticity of supported evidence and their integrity as well as reliability.
  9. Investigate the consistency and coherency of the entire ideas throughout the research work. Assess whether they are presented logically.
  10. Highlight weaknesses and strengths in the style, tone, and structure.
  11. Provide valuable and constructive feedback on how to bring improvements.
  12. Suggest alternate research perspectives and views to make the arguments more rigorous.
  13. Leave with emphasis on important research gaps along with their cogent solutions.
  14. Maintain respect and avoid personal attacks as well as insulting arguments.

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Article Critique Examples, Format and Samples

How to Critique an Article Example?

Article Title: Impact of Excessive Use of Social Media On Student’s Mental Health

Summary of Thesis Statement: This study claims that the overuse or obsession of students with social media can adversely impact their mental health which can lead to anxiety and depression.


  • The proposed research methodology perfectly aligns with the research goals and objectives.
  • Structure, tone, and style are consistent and coherent throughout the article.
  • The related data and literature are well-versed and credible.
  • This research article effectively summarizes the key findings and contributions persuasively.


  • Does not include the alternate research perspective.
  • No inclusion of observational research and studies in addition to surveys and interviews.
  • Number of reviewed literature is too low.
  • No discussion of potential research implications.
  • Use of jargon and hard-to-understand language.
  • Does not propose future research directions.

Suggested Improvements:

  • Include recommendations and guidelines from the health experts and psychologists as well to support your claim.
  • Address how the research outcome may change depending on the student’s age and demographics.
  • Visit Google Scholar and other specialized academic databases to search for more credible literature.
  • Explore the current trending technologies and investigate how they can also be leveraged to resolve particle problems in the future.

How to Critique an Article in APA Format? APA Style, Structure, and Sample

Critiquing and analyzing the article in APA style requires a specific structure and format. It includes the following sections.

Title: [Write Concise, Descriptive and Unique Article Title]

Author Name: [Author Name]

Institution: [Institution Name]

Abstract: [Give an Overall Abstract of the Critique Along With the Article Name, Date Author Name, etc.] E.g. “This paper will critique the “Impacts of Social Media” by Jon et al (2023), etc.


  • This part explains the article by including the author’s name, title, main arguments, and publication data.
  • It also includes the purpose of critiquing the given article.

Body Paragraph:

The body part involves the critical of the given sections.

  • Summary of the Article
  • Critical Evaluation


  • Summary of Main Critique Points Such As Strengths and Weaknesses.
  • Constructive feedback.

APA Style Citations and References: “

Words to Use When Critiquing an Article

To Highlight Strength:

  • Efficient
  • Insightful
  • Well-Organized
  • Well-Informed
  • Engaging
  • Compelling
  • In-Depth
  • Rigorous
  • Useful
  • Innovative
  • Thought-Provoking

To Highlight Weaknesses:

  • Biased
  • Inefficient
  • Inconsistent
  • Illogical
  • Narrow
  • Ambiguous
  • Limited
  • Lack of

To Provide Criticism:

  • Could Have
  • More
  • Possibly
  • Enhance
  • Improve
  • Clear
  • Concisely
  • Address
  • Expand
  • Strengthen

To Conclude:

  • In summary
  • To Sum Up
  • In conclusion
  • In General
  • Altogether
  • Ultimately

What is the Difference Between Criticism and Critique?

According to Wikipedia, the difference between criticism and critique is given below.

It is objective and provides constructive feedback for improvements.It is subjective and pinpoints someone’s faults. 
Positive, respectable, and solution-focused tone.The tone is negative, and personal.
The intent is to advance knowledge and growthThe intent is to belittle someone

Final Thoughts on How to Critique an Article

Article critique is the process of in-depth critical analysis and evaluation of an article to highlight strengths and its weaknesses. Its primary purpose is to provide constructive criticism and feedback in order to get an enhanced version of the research work.

The common structure or format of this article includes writing a descriptive title of the article, the author’s name, a brief introduction, a body part that includes strengths and weaknesses, and feedback for improvements.

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Frequently Asked Questions
What is an Article Critique? What are the 5 Steps in Writing a Critique? What are the 4 main Parts of the Article Critique? How Do You Critique and Evaluate an Article? How to Critique an Article for a Literature Review? How to Start an Article Critique? How to Write a Good Critique of the Article? What is the Common Format of the Article Critique? How to Write A Title of Article Critique? How to End an Article Critique? How Long Should an Article Critique Be?
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