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How to Write a Hypothesis? 7 Steps Hidden Formula

How to write a hypothesis essay for my academic assignment, scientific method, or research study is one of the most frequently asked questions nowadays. It is an undeniable fact that a well-researched hypothesis outline forms the basis for any successful research endeavor. It enables the researcher to formulate a test and measurable prediction that sets the future research investigation.

This blog post from a cheap assignment help provide a practical step-by-step guide on how to follow the proper hypothesis structure that helps you to write a well-crafted hypothesis statement.

To help you every step of the way, it also includes a hypothesis essay and one full-fledged good hypothesis example to make things simpler and easier for you.


What is a Hypothesis? Definitive Guide in 2024

A hypothesis is an educated guess or prediction that you make depending on some existing theory, knowledge, and observations. It is the expected result or tentative result of your research that involves two variables. Dependent variable and independent variable.


Some hypothesis examples by cheap assignment writers include:

  • If students study for 6 hours a day, then they get good marks on the exam.
  • If students learn English at the age of 5, then they become most fluent in speaking.
  • If companies provide compensation, then employees become more productive.
  • Attending lectures daily leads to excellent learning.
  • If you give more water to the plants, then they quickly become taller.

7 Proven Tips on How to Write a Hypothesis Efficiently?

7 Steps Formula for Hypothesis Writing

Identify the Problem or Research Question:

The very first step in writing the hypothesis essay is to identify the research question that you want to explore and answer. Make sure that your research question is specific, measurable and within the project scope.

Example: Does eating vegetables have a positive impact on the student’s mental health?

Conduct the Initial Research and Review the Existing Knowledge and Theories:

After developing the research question, explore and assess the relevant prior data, information, and observations to set the initial answer. Finding the existing observations will help you identify the variables and their conceptual relationships.

Determine the Variables

Identify the dependent and independent variables of your hypothesis. The independent variable is what can control and change the outcome of the dependent variable.

Frame the Hypothesis Statement:

Use the “if-then” format to craft your hypothesis statement. The statement should be simple, clear, and concise, and it must predict or suggest the relationships between the involved variables.

For instance, in our above-mentioned example, “If students eat more vegetables, then their mental health remains excellent”, the dependent variable is “student’s mental health”, whereas the independent variable is eating vegetables.

Ensure that your Hypothesis is Specific and Testable:

You should clearly define the scope, conditions, and involved variables for your hypothesis. It should be testable as well as measurable by empirical research and experimentation.

Investigate and Address the Alternate Aspects:

A good hypothesis also sheds light on the alternate statement as well. Because it will help you to improve your null hypothesis and understand its hidden factors.

Revise and Refine:

Review your hypothesis and make the necessary changes to ensure that it encompasses clarity, specificity, and testability.

Important Note: Get help with assignment writing and learn now how to apply these tips for your next hypothesis writing practically.

Hypothesis Outline – Proven Roadmap for Perfect Hypothesis


  • Introduce your topic.
  • Background data, observations, and other relevant existing information to make the context.
  • Research problem and question.

Hypothesis Statement

  • Clear, concise, and specific hypothesis statement.
  • Highlight dependent and independent variables.
  • Describe the relationship between different variables and prediction-based results.

Reasons, Rationales, and Justifications

  • Demonstrate the relevance and importance of your hypothesis.
  • How does your hypothesis connect to the existing body of knowledge?
  • What is its importance as well as implication?

Research Methodology

  • Highlight the proposed research methodologies and experimentation.
  • Describe how your hypothesis will be tested and investigated.
  • Outline the data collection, data processing and data analysis techniques.

Results and Discussions

  • Present the obtained results and observations compellingly.
  • Interpret, analyze, and justify how the obtained results act as evidence to support or refute your hypothesis.
  • Draw a comparison with previous studies.
  • Highlight the significance of your hypothesis and demonstrate how it uniquely contributes to the research community.


  • Summarize your central points and arguments.
  • Restate your hypothesis statement and involve implications.
  • Highlight limitations and propose future research directions.

Important: Making a proper outline is the most important part of our guide on how to write a hypothesis. So follow it carefully.

Hypothesis Structure You Should Follow in 2024

Research Question

  • Identify the research question that you want to explore and answer.
  • Make sure that your research question is specific, measurable and within the project scope.

Null Hypothesis (H0)

  • Craft the statement of no effect and no difference between the variables.
  • The null hypothesis statement uses the words like “no”,” not”, or “no significant difference”.

Alternate Hypothesis (H1)

  • Formulate an alternate hypothesis proposing relationships and differences between the variables.
  • The alternate hypothesis negates the null hypothesis.

Good Hypothesis Example – Hypothesis Essay Example

  • Research Question: Does studying late at night help students get good marks?
  • Null Hypothesis (H0): Studying late at night has no significant relationship with a student’s good marks. Or there is no relationship between studying late at night and good marks.
  • Alternate Hypothesis (H1): Studying late at night helps students to get good marks.

9 Most Important Features of a Hypothesis

  • Specific, focused and defined scope.
  • Clear and concise.
  • Testable and measurable.
  • Clearly define all the involved variables and their relationships.
  •  Based on past theory, knowledge, and observations.
  • It should be falsifiable if the obtained result contradicts the initial observations.
  • It should be relevant and significant to the study and contribute to the existing knowledge.
  • Your hypothesis statement should be a guide and set the future research direction.
  • It should be predictive and anticipate the potential outcome of the experiment.

What is the difference Between the Null Hypothesis, Alternate Hypothesis, and Research Question?

Null HypothesisAlternate HypothesisResearch Question
The null hypothesis statement claims that there is no effect, no difference, and no relationship between the variables in the population that is under study. The alternate hypothesis negates or contradicts the null hypothesis and suggests that there are significant differences and relationships between the variables of the population being studied. The research question or problem is the main agenda of the research that he wants to explore or investigate to find the answer. 
The null hypothesis is made to reflect the absence of any expected outcome. The alternate hypothesis is made based on the researcher’s prior knowledge, evidence, and expected outcome.It sets the future research direction. 
Example: Eating vegetables does not have any effect on the student’s mental healthExample: Eating vegetables affects the student’s mental health.Example: Does eating vegetables impact the student’s mental health? 

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Final Thoughts on How to Write a Hypothesis

A hypothesis is an educated guess or prediction that you make depending on some existing theory, knowledge, and observations.

“How to write a hypothesis” involves various components, such as making an impactful hypothesis outline and following a standard hypothesis structure.

You can also check any good hypothesis example that will help you to formulate your statement perfectly.

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