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Punctuation Marks Rule: Names, Functions, Symbols and Examples

Punctuation marks are most important to understand for both readers and writers alike.

Because a slighter mistake in their use can entirely change the purpose, meaning, and context of the overall communication.

Whether you are a professional writer or a student, this expert guide from a cheap assignment service is exactly for you.

In this quick guide, we will learn the most common punctuation mark names along with their meanings, symbols, and examples. Moreover, we will also walk you through the important rules of different punctuation characters as well as their functions.

So, without beating about the bush, let’s get started.


What are Punctuation Marks and Their Meanings?

Punctuation notations are symbols or characters used in written communication to bring clarity and correct meaning to sentences or texts.

They serve various purposes, such as:

  • Making proper structure or order of the sentences.
  • Conveying the intended message in the right tone and style.
  • Bring clarity and efficiency to the writing.
  • Separating sentences, clauses, and phrases.
  • Marking the end of sentences.
  • Increasing the readability of writing.
  • Signifying the questions, exclamations, quotations, etc.
  • Providing additional data and information.
  • Helps readers correctly interpret the writer’s message.
  • Bring engagement and variety in writing style.
  • Providing identification of abbreviations or acronyms.
  • Control the pace or speed of the writing, such as creating breaks, pauses, or emphasis, etc.

10 Common Punctuation Marks Symbols

Punctuation Symbol
Punctuation Name
Quotation Mark
Question Mark
Exclamation Mark

14 Punctuation Examples, Functions, and Meaning

  • Comma (,)
  • Function: A comma is used to indicate pause, and separating items is a list. It is also used to partition the clauses in a compound sentence. 
  • Example: “She studied English, Physics, and Chemistry in 9th grade”.
  • Period (.)
  • Function: It marks the end of the sentence.
  • Example: “ She learnt how to write a movie review from experts in 2024”.
  • Question Marks (?):
  • Function: Used to write or indicate the direct questions.
  • Example: “Do you play cricket”?
  • Colon (:)

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  • Function: it serves to insert the list, explanation, or quotation.
  • Example: “ Do not forget to read the following subjects: USA history, international economics, and mathematics.”
  • Exclamation Marks (!)
  • Function: This symbol identifies strong emotions, emphasis, and surprise.
  • Example: “ Congratulations on winning the world cup!”
  • Parenthesis ()
  • Function: Writers use parentheses to insert additional information or explanations.
  • Example: “The USA (United States of America) is an economic superpower”.
  • Semicolon (;)
  • Function: The semicolons break or split the closely related independent clauses or lists when items contain commas.
  • Example: “ She loves playing cricket ; her brother loves hockey”.

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What is – Used for in Writing?

The symbol (-) is called a hyphen, which is a punctuation mark used in writing to create compound words, prefixes, suffixes, etc.

It serves the following purposes:

  • Connects two or more words to make a compound or hyphenated word. For example, Red-yellow, Father-in-law, In-depth, and Self-esteem etc.
  • It is used to show the continuation of the words when they can’t fit on a single line. It is called hyphenation. E.g., United States –


 Chinese auto-


  • The writers use it for creating prefixes and suffixes. For instance, Co-education, Co-existence, etc.
  • Used in spelling out numbers such as fifty-one, seventy-four, twenty-two, etc. 
  • They are used to join a proper noun with compound adjectives. For instance, China-made mobile phones, English-speaking countries, etc.
  • You can also use hyphens to represent numerator and denominators such as two-fourths, six-eights, one-thirds, etc.

Hyphen Example Sentences

  • She was wearing a red-yellow dress at the night party.
  • The teacher gave a lecture on building self-confidence.
  • We are co-workers in the factory.
  • Our university has a dedicated department for non-fiction books.
  • There were seventy-five people in yesterday’s meeting.
  • The SEO tool’s price is fifty-one dollars.
  • Japan-made automobiles are famous for durability.
  • The country is populated with English-speaking people.

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What is … Called in Writing?

The symbol (…) is called an ellipsis in punctuation marks, which is used to signal the omission of words, a pause, or trailing off of thoughts in a sentence or quotation.

The purpose of using Ellipsis is to:

  • Indicate the omission of words in a passage to focus on the most relevant part.
  • Example: 
  • Original: I woke up in the morning, read social media essay topics, and went to school.
  • With Ellipsis: I woke up in the morning…went to school.
  • Create a pause or hesitation in writing or speech.
  • Example:
  • Original: I wanted to eat. But I couldn’t find healthy food. 
  • With Ellipses: I wanted to eat … but I couldn’t find healthy food.
  • Identify unfinished or incomplete sentences.
  • Example:
  • Original: He looked at the boys; his eyes were filled with a mix of happiness and frustration.
  • With Ellipses: He looked at boys with … a mix of happiness and frustration.
  • Create suspense and intrigue. 
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37 Basic Punctuation Marks Names in English

  • Comma (,)
  • Period (.)
  • Colon (:)
  • Semicolon (;)
  • Parenthesis ()
  • Exclamation Mark (!)
  • Question Mark (?)
  • Apostrophe (‘)
  • Quotations (“”)
  • Forward Slash (/)
  • Backslash (\)
  • Dollar Sign ($)
  • Ellipsis (…)
  • Percent Sign (%)
  • At Sign (@)
  • Dash (— or –)
  • Ampersand (&)
  • Asterisk (*)
  • Pound Sign or Hashtag (#)
  • Square Brackets []
  • Ampersand (&)
  • Tilde (~)
  • Plus Sign (+)
  • Minus Sign (-)
  • Equal Sign (=)
  • Greater than Sign (>)
  • Less than Sign (<)
  • Caret (^)
  • Vertical Bar or Pipe (|)
  • Underscore (_)
  • Curly Braces { }
  • Bullet Point or Bullet (•)
  • Section Sign (§)
  • Registered Trademark Symbol (®)
  • Copyright Symbol (©)
  • Trademark Symbol (™)
  • Degree symbol (°)

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4 Rules of Punctuation Marks

4 Not Avoidable Rules of Punctuation Marks

Period Rules:

  • Use a period to end the sentence.
  • Use period to ask indirect questions.
  • Use period at the end of the abbreviations.


  • He made a delicious biryani. (Sentence)
  • Boys were thinking about whether their teacher gave them marks fairly. (Indirect Question)
  • Mr. Mrs. A.M. P.M. Etc(Abbreviations)

Question Mark Rules

  • Only use question marks at the end of the direct question.
  • Never use it at the end of indirect or embedded questions in long sentences.


  • Have you done your homework? (Direct Question)
  • Boys were thinking about whether their teacher gave them marks fairly. (Indirect Question)

Exclamation Mark Rules

  • Use exclamation marks at the end of the sentences that show strong emotion, feelings, and emphasis.
  • Use exclamation marks rarely to give it a natural look.


  • Congratulations on winning the World Cup! (Strong Feelings)
  • The match was fixed! (Emphasis)

Quotation Marks Rule

  • Use quotation marks in direct speech.
  • Use quotation marks in the title of any short work.


  • He said, “I will go to the USA”. (Direct Speech)
  • Critical Analysis of Tourist Spots in China. (Title).

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Final Thoughts on Punctuation Marks Names, Symbols, and Examples

Punctuation characters are symbols that writers use to bring proper structure, order, and clarity to the sentences. But before their usage, it is important to have a deep understanding of frequently used punctuation characters’ names and symbols.

In this guide, we have taken practical punctuation examples that illustrate meaning, functions, purposes, and 4 rules of punctuation symbols. In addition to this, we have also gone through the 37 basic punctuation marks to use in essay writing, research paper writing, or any other academic assignment writing, etc.

If you are still confused, don’t hesitate to contact us now and get your writing done with a perfect blend of punctuation in a few minutes.

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